Pope names six women, six men to panel to study women deacons

VATICAN CITY—Pope Francis has ap­pointed six men and six women to a commission to study the issue of women deacons, particularly their ministry in the early church.

In addition to the 12 members named Aug. 2, the pope tapped Archbishop Luis Ladaria Ferrer, secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, to serve as president of the commission.

The pope set up the commission at the request of the International Union of Superiors General, the organization for the leaders of women’s religious orders around the world. Meeting the group in May, Pope Francis said that while his understanding was that the women described as deacons in the New Testament were not ordained as male deacons are today, “it would be useful for the church to clarify this question.”

The International Theological Commission, a body that advises the doctrinal congregation, includ­ed the question of women deacons in a study on the diaconate almost 20 years ago. While its report, issued in 2002, did not offer recommen­dations for the fu­ture, it concluded that biblical deaconesses were not the same as ordained male deacons.

In June, Pope Francis told reporters that he had asked Car­dinal Gerhard Muller, prefect of the doctrinal congregation, and Sister Car­men Sammut, president of the superiors’ group, to suggest scholars to include in the study group.

At least one of the members Pope Francis named to the commission — U.S. scholar Phyllis Zagano — has written extensively on the role of women deacons in the early church, arguing that they were ordained ministers and that women can be ordained deacons today. Zagano is a senior research associate in the religion depart­ment at Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York.

Zagano told Catholic News Service she learned of the appointment through emails from friends and that she was “happy for the church.” She said she knew some of the people named to the commission but was not famil­iar with their writings on women in the diaconate.

“The theological question isn’t whether women were ordained (in the early church), but rather whether women can be ordained as deacons. The church has stated definitively that women cannot be ordained as priests. The church has always left the question of restoring women to the diaconate as open,” she told CNS Aug. 2.

“It appears to me that this is an opportunity for the church to discuss whether women can be restored to the ordained diaconate,” she said.

Another U.S. scholar also is among the 12 commission members: Au­gustinian Father Robert Dodaro, president of the Pontifical Augustin­ian Institute in Rome and a professor of patristic theology specializing in the works of St. Augustine.

The other members are:

— Spanish Sister Nuria Calduch- Benages, a member of the Mission­ary Daughters of the Holy Family and member of the Pontifical Bibli­cal Commission.

— Francesca Cocchini, a professor of church history at Rome’s Sapienza University.

— Italian Msgr. Piero Coda, a professor of systematic theology and member of the International Theo­logical Commission.

— Spanish Jesuit Father Santiago Madrigal Terrazas, professor of ecclesiology at the Pontifical Comil­las University in Madrid.

— Angeline Franciscan Sister Mary Melone, a theologian and rec­tor of Rome’s Pontifical Antonianum University.

— Father Karl-Heinz Menke, re­tired professor of dogmatic theology at the University of Bonn and mem­ber of the International Theological Commission.

— Rwandan Salesian Father Aimable Musoni, professor of eccle­siology at the Pontifical Salesian University in Rome.

— Jesuit Father Bernard Pottier, professor at the Institute of Theologi­cal Studies in Brussels and member of the International Theological Commission.

— Marianne Schlosser, professor of spiritual theology at the Univer­sity of Vienna and member of the International Theological Commis­sion.

— Michelina Tenace, professor of fundamental theology at Rome’s Pontifical Gregorian University.


Cindy Wooden | Catholic News Service


CNS photo/Gregory A. Shemitz: Phyllis Zagano, a senior research associate in the religion department at Hofstra University in Hempstead, N.Y., is seen in her office Aug. 2. Zagano, who has written extensively on the subject of women deacons, is one of six women appointed by Pope Francis to a 13-person “Commission to Study the Women’s Diaconate.”